What Happens in Codeine Detox?
There are many settings where a codeine detox can be performed, but, no matter which one is chosen, the basis of the treatment involves clearing the codeine from the person’s body in a safe, compassionate, manner that is adequately monitored to prevent consequential harm.
The primary objective of intake assessment is to be able to provide the most efficient detox plan available based on the person’s level of dependency, co-existing conditions, and expected outcomes while fostering a readiness towards treatment.
Questions regarding physical and mental health, usage patterns, and poly-substance abuse can help determine whether the possibility of complications may require inpatient codeine detox, supporting medications, or some type of partial hospitalization to ensure patient’s stability.
Guiding the person through the detox process involves the combined efforts of the staff to support the individual by reducing or alleviating withdrawal symptoms and cravings. This can involve ensuring that they are educated regarding the process and the changes that may occur as well as receiving the proper nutrition, rest, medications, and professional support for physical and psychological developments.
Physical codeine withdrawal symptoms may include muscle aches, painful joints, headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and fluctuations in heart rate or breathing. Some physical problems can be exacerbated by the withdrawals and manifest into more serious health risks. Stabilization involves managing these symptoms to keep the addict as comfortable as possible and preventing further health complications.
Psychological symptoms of cravings, anxiety, panic attacks, depression, agitation, insomnia, and other co-occurring mental health issues must be managed as part of the stabilization process to speed recovery and protect the person from more serious complications.
Many psychological problems are intensified during the withdrawal process and some may become dangerous. Anti-depressants, anti-anxiety medications or sedatives, and in some cases, anti-psychotics may be necessary to ensure the safety of the person during the acute withdrawal phase.
Fostering Treatment Readiness
According to Treatment Improvement Protocol #45 by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, “Studies show that detoxification and its linkage to the appropriate levels of treatment lead to increased recovery and decreased use of detoxification and treatment services in the future.” Codeine is an opiate drug and undergoing codeine detox is insufficient in preventing the person from using the drug again.
The codeine detox process is a primary setting to introduce treatment options, educate the individual on the consequences of opiate use, and encourage transitions into rehab. Once the person has rid their bodies of the codeine and become stabilized, their general overall health improves, making them more acceptable of advice for furthering these benefits.